Where Does Glycolysis Occur? The question needs to be answered. Glycolysis is the breakdown of the sugar known as Glucose by an enzyme. There are many forms of the glycolysis pathway, and each one is used for a different purpose in the glycolysis process.
The commonly used pathways are as follows: Uterine FattyAcid; Uterine Glucose; Glycogen; Phosphohydlose; Fructooligosaccharide; and Monosaccharides. These pathways are essential for all aerobic cells. The question that needs to be answered is what is glycolysis? and how does it occur in the cell?
An example of a glycolytic enzyme is the ADPase, located in the mitochondria of most animals. When the ADPase is inhibited, the ADP cannot break down the glucose in the cell. Instead, it simply sits in the nadir (nucleus) without doing anything. It is this action that will stimulate the Glycosylation Product or GP, which is what glycolysis is.
Where Does Glycolysis Occur in The Cell?
The process where glycolysis occurs can be accomplished through aerobic respiration. Anaerobic respiration is where the food is oxidized in the absence of air. For this to occur, the food needs to be broken down in the body before being absorbed.
One of the ways this can happen is through the kinetic energy of the body. The ATP present in the food is converted into ADP (Adenosine Diphosphate), which then breaks down the glucose in the cells. As the excess ADP is used up, more ATP is produced, and so the process continues.
Glycolysis also can occur in the presence of an inhibitory stimulus such as an insulin molecule. This will cause a decrease in the activity of the glycolytic enzyme. In effect, the pathway breaks down the glucose molecules into two compounds, namely, glycogen and Glutamate.
The glycogen and glutamine are then shuttled to the liver to be used for energy. The result is that the liver is able to break down glycogen and glucose to replenish the supply, but at a much slower rate than when going through an aerobic respiration cycle.
The Krebs Cycle
Another way in which glycolysis occurs in the body is via the Krebs Cycle. Under normal conditions, there is a complex network of pathways involving the mitochondrial energy derived from adenosine triphosphate (ATP) to provide a power source for cellular processes. The atlas is inhibited by the Krebs Cycle, causing the ATP to be used by the electron flow in the pathways in order to power the cells.
When glycolysis occurs in the cells using the ATP as a source of energy, it is called aerobic glycolysis. On the other hand, when the pathway is inhibited, ketone production and the breakdown of glycolysis occur in the mitochondria.
The Krebs Cycle is interrupted during the aerobic metabolism process and allows the citric acid cycle to proceed without the needed electrons. The citric acid cycle uses up the electrons needed to generate fuel, so the process where glycolysis occurs is in effect broken down.
The breakdown of the glycolysis catalyzed by the carnitine shuttle allows the flux of electrons to occur between the electron transport chain and the mitochondria, allowing the production of acetylcholine (the neurotransmitter and nerve agent) and carnosine.
The accumulation and acetylcholine use by the neurons cause memory, learning, and a range of other mental and physical activities. The brain uses acetylcholine in the form of neurotransmitters to carry messages and perform other functions such as anxiety control and depression management.